Home Industry Issues
25 November 2015
  • EU e-Privacy Directive

    This website uses cookies to manage authentication, navigation, and other functions. By using our website, you agree that we can place these types of cookies on your device. Please note that you may not be able to log into the members area until you agree.

    View Privacy Policy

Industry Issues - Contents


To supplement a very extensive information sources provided to logged in members, the standard two page briefing notes are designed with a dual function in mind :-

  1. To give background information on the issues decided by the Intercargo Executive Committee as being Intercargo Work Programme issues; and
  2. For exactly the same “public” briefing notes to be used with the addition of “Paragraph 5” questions posed to Intercargo Full Members at meetings of the Executive Committee so that Industry policy can be drawn up and promulgated to the Round Table, IMO or other appropriate bodies. 

Intercargo members are encouraged to use the “Paragraph 5” version of these Briefing Notes to obtain strategic views on key dry bulk issues at meetings of their own internal Boards.  Comments on Intercargo policy and Direction are welcome at any time from Members and should be addressed to the undersigned.

Progress on earlier issues

Direct Reduced Iron : Our perspective on making the carriage of this commodity safer was embraced at the appropriate IMO meeting.  An expanded Technical Briefing Paper is available to logged in members.

Definition of a Bulk Carrier : Intercargo actively represented the views of its members in IMO discussions.  A working consensus on terminology and exemption status for Open Hatch vessels carrying occasional bulk cargoes has now been achieved and Executive Committee members will be invited to delete this issue from the current Intercargo Work Programme.

Pooling : We represented the views of the International Dry Bulk industry during the consultation period of the EU Tramp sector Competition Law discussions.

Stowaways : with the support of the Industry Associations and IMO, a Stowaway Focal Point has been provided for Industry usage and consultation within IMO (Tel : +44 7587 3110 / falsec@imo.org)

For further information contact Rob Lomas, Intercargo Secretary General

Issue categories

  Toggle all descriptions Collapse all descriptions
Air Emissions top
1 Greenhouse Gas (GHG)


The IMO’s Marine Environmental Protection Committee at its 62nd session adopted new regulations for the Energy Efficiency of Ships (EEDI and SEEMP) in July 2011 as resolution MEPC 203(62) and supporting Guidelines at its 63rd session in March 2012 as resolutions MEPC 212(63) and MEPC 214(63) - see below for PDF documents. The regulations entered into force on 1 January 2013.

The IMO continues to work on guidelines for the EEDI and further measures for the control of GHG emissions from ships.

Recent Developments

21 May 2013
Cargoes top
1 IMSBC Code Pocket Guide

Intercargo has worked with Lloyd’s Register and the UK P&I Club to produce a pocket guide on the IMSBC Code. The pocket guide aims to help all those responsible to manage the risks of carrying solid bulk cargoes and achieve compliance with SOLAS. It outlines the precautions that should be taken before accepting cargoes for shipment and the procedures that should be followed for safe loading and carriage, and details the primary hazards associated with the different types of solid bulk cargo.

A PDF of the Guide can be downloaded here.

The associated flowchart can be downloaded here.

A Chinese version can be downloaded here.

13 May 2014
2 Cargoes - recent developments

24 June 2013
3 Nickel Ore
In response to the recent sinking of four bulk carriers in very short succession carrying Nickel Ore and the tragic loss of 66 seafarers lives in those accidents, Intercargo, has produced the ‘Intercargo Guide for the Safe Loading of Nickel Ore’.

The Guide primarily aims to explain through use of an easy-to-follow flow-chart how Nickel Ore can continue to be safely shipped, within limitations, whilst raising awareness of the serious issue of cargo liquefaction, and is targeted at the widest possible distribution within industry including shippers, shipowners and ship’s masters’.

The guide can be downloaded here.


01 February 2012
4 Direct Reduced Iron (DRI)

18 August 2011
5 DSC 16/4/95 Information 01 August 2011
6 Coal

UK P&I Clubs warns of self-heating risk with Indonesian Coal

15 June 2011
7 The IMSBC Code


The Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code) has been revised, updated and re-named the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code (IMSBC Code). It is mandatory under SOLAS from 1 January 2011.

The revision of the Code, and in particular its mandatory status, is a significant change in the regulation for dry bulk cargoes, which may present some challenges in the early stages of implementation and enforcement.

01 April 2011
8 Pesticides & Fumigation
14 March 2011
Casualties and Transparency top
1 Casualties and Transparency briefing

Issue Summary

The primary Intercargo issue concerns the Annual Trend of Bulk Carrier Casualties, which are reported on an annual basis to IMO.  However, there is also value in providing Members with a summary report of “Negative Performance Indicators” (NPI) to inform Members about Collisions, Groundings and other matters. 

Intercargo Policy

Intercargo believes that reporting maritime casualties and NPIs should be made more transparent as the benefit of promulgating “lessons learnt” to the wider shipping community outweighs any legal consequences of withholding sensitive information.  The current role of the IMO in reporting such accidents is acknowledged and could perhaps be extended to incorporate a publicly accessible area of the website where Flag States could log reports of serious incidents. Owners could therefore make more informed choices as to potential registers based on whether a particular flag state conducted efficient and timely inquiries into significant casualties.

Summary of Recent Developments

The 2014 Intercargo Bulk Carrier Casualty Report will note that nine dry bulk vessels were either lost or involved in a serious casualty. The full report will be submitted to the relevant IMO Committee for consideration during 2015.

So far in 2015 there has been one significant casualty, that of the Bulk Jupiter, a vessel carrying bauxite that was lost on 2 January off the coast of Vietnam. Sadly, all but one crew member were lost.

13 February 2015
Design Standards top
1 Tripartite

Alongside our Round Table partner organisations plus OCIMF, Intercargo participated in the Annual Tripartite meeting in Busan on 19-20 November 2012.

Tripartite refers to a meeting of the three group : Owners, Classification Societies/IACS, and the Shipbuilders Associations of, predominantly, China, Japan and Korea. The purpose of the meeting is to engage in dialogue on issues influencing future regulation and design.

Given our strong stance on safety, Intercargo presented on two aspects at this event :

i) Regulatory impact on safe design – avoiding unintended consequences (of, for example, environmental legislation impacting on safety) and

ii) Bulk Carrier Operations and Ship Design.

A note of the meeting is attached for Intercargo members only.

07 December 2012
2 Goal Based Standards (GBS)
17 January 2011
3 Design Standards

Issue Summary

Intercargo continues to monitor the development common structural rules for bulk carriers and rule amendments on an ongoing basis. Goal Based Standards are being developed by the IMO and are essentially 'rules for rules' that will have an impact upon the current system of technical regulation.

Intercargo Policy

Common Structural Rules (CSR) - Intercargo supports the principle of CSR on the grounds that it helps to remove competition between Classification Societies on the optimisation of scantlings. Intercargo monitors the development and maintenance of the rules with the aim of ensuring the members’ feedback is appropriately incorporated into the development process.

Goal Based Standards (GBS) - The International Goal-based Ship Construction Standards for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers describe the goals and establish the functional requirements that the rules for ship design shall meet. The GBS also require that such rules shall be verified as meeting the goals and functional requirements. In this sense the GBS can be considered ‘rules for rules’. Intercargo supports the principle of transparent goals and criteria and is considering issues of verification further as they develop.

17 January 2011
4 Common Structural Rules (CSR)
17 January 2011
Criminalisation top
1 Criminalisation Briefing

Issue Summary

The industry is concerned that seafarers are not receiving equitable and fair treatment. Current activity in this regards concerns the EU Ship Source Pollution Directive and action taken again the crew of the Hebei Spirit.

In addition such treatment also leads to a negative image of the shipping industry and is detrimental to efforts encouraging young people to pursue a career at sea .

Intercargo Policy

The EU Ship Source Pollution Directive seeks to criminalise behaviour for accidental pollution.  Naturally, Intercargo does not seek to defend the position of those convicted of deliberate pollution but notes and supports the predominance of international laws, conventions and pollution response / compensation regimes over purely regional responses.

Intercargo believes in the highest possible environmental standards which it believes should be imposed and strictly enforced through international, rather than regional regimes. 

Summary of Recent Developments

With the support of its members, Intercargo joined the Industry coalition led by Intertanko which has argued its position in the European Court of Justice.  The final decision of the ECJ was delivered on 3 June 2008 and in brief, the ECJ ruled that the Directive:

1.      Cannot be assessed by reference to MARPOL as the Community itself (unlike its Member States) is not a party to MARPOL.

2.      Cannot be assessed by reference to UNCLOS as, although the Community is a party to UNCLOS, that Convention does not give individuals rights or freedoms on which they can rely against States.

The Court has held that the use of the term ‘serious negligence’ does not infringe the requirement of certainty in Community legislation.

This departs from the opinion of Advocate General Kokott, who concluded that the validity of the Directive should be tested by reference to MARPOL and UNCLOS, and that it exceeds Community powers unless ‘serious negligence’ is construed to have different meanings inside and outside territorial waters. This leaves the Member State legislators in some difficulty, having to use the same terminology whilst interpreting it differently depending on where the incident takes place.

The judgement means that the Directive is valid and the Commission has taken, and will continue to take, steps to reprimand Member States that have failed to implement the Directive. The judgement leaves open significant questions for Member States on the implementation and interpretation of the Directive. Also, the broader question of the relationship between EU legislation and international maritime regulations negotiated at the IMO is a matter for concern for the industry. Non-EU Member states have expressed concern that an EU Member can negotiate at the IMO and reach an international compromise, but the judgement appears to give the EU the ability to act unilaterally provided the EU Member States act collectively.

The case must be referred back to the English High Court for conclusion, either on a contested, or an agreed basis. In addition, there is the option to refer the matter to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg. This tribunal adjudicates disputes concerning the interpretation or application of UNCLOS. Proceedings before the tribunal would need to be brought by a non-EU Member State.

The coalition is seeking to engage with the UK Government to establish how much common ground exists and the proper interpretation of the Directive in the light of the ECJ proceedings but so far there has been no progress.

Hebei Spirit

The Round Table plus other Industry groupings including the ITF, have worked closely together in support of the two seafarers who were initially jailed in Korea when their properly moored tanker was hit by a not-under-control barge.  We believe that this collective industry action, including the signing of a letter by Industry CEOs including some from Intercargo members, may well have been instrumental in the decision to free those men on bail.  However, a Supreme Court ruling is expected in the next few months, following which – it is earnestly hoped, the men are free to leave Korea having been exonerated of their offences.

24 July 2009
Environmental Legislation top
1 Environmental Legislation Briefing

Issue Summary

The 'environmental legislation' work programme item includes several issues including: ballast water management (BWM), ship recycling, anti-fouling convention and other environment issue that affect bulk carriers. Please note there are separate briefings on air emissions and port reception facilities.
21 May 2013
2 Recycling: Transitional Measures

The Industry Working Group on Ship Recycling (which comprises ICS, BIMCO, INTERCARGO, INTERTANKO, IPTA, OCIMF, IACS and ITF) has published new ‘Guidelines on Transitional Measures for Shipowners Selling Ships for Recycling’.

08 November 2009
Loading Rates top
1 Loading Rates Briefing

Issue Summary.

Over recent years Intercargo members have been experiencing increased pressure to load vessels quickly. This problem has escalated with the increased demand for commodities and the commercial pressure to maximise terminal throughput.

Intercargo conducted a survey of ships’ masters to determine the areas of concern, two main areas were identified:

  1. the implied arrival condition required to meet onerous loading requirements and its detrimental effect on manoeuvrability; and
  2. the consequences for the structural integrity of the ship.

Intercargo Policy.

Intercargo will engage with all stakeholders including owners and operators, terminals, classification societies, shippers, flag administrations, and insurers to ensure a common understanding of this issue. The aim is to ensure that all bulk carriers are loaded safety in an appropriate manner, taking into account the capabilities of the ship, in accordance with international regulation

Summary of Recent Developments.

02 August 2010
Piracy top
1 Vigilance still crucial as piracy High Risk Area in the Indian Ocean reduced

Vigilance still crucial as piracy High Risk Area in the Indian Ocean reduced

Organisations representing the global shipping and oil industry have announced that the size of the ??High Risk Area?? for piracy in the Indian Ocean has been reduced and issued new advice to merchant ship operators.

This reduction to the High Risk Area is in response to the ongoing containment of pirate attacks in the Indian Ocean, but a group of shipping and oil industry organisations (BIMCO, International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), Intercargo, INTERTANKO and the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) stressed that a serious threat remains and that correct reporting and vigilance remains crucial.

The reduction of the High Risk Area takes full account of recent shipping industry experience, and follows extensive consultation with governments through the diplomatic Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, and military naval forces, including NATO, Combined Maritime Forces and EU NAVFOR, which continue to provide vital protection to shipping.

The new industry advice, which takes effect from 1 December, changes that currently contained in the latest edition of Best Management Practices for Protection against Somali Based Piracy (BMP 4), which is jointly produced by the industry group.

The amendment to BMP 4 that relates to this issue can be downloaded via each shipping organisations?? website (as can BMP4).

In summary:

  • The area previously classified as ??high risk?? now forms only a part of  the area called the Voluntary Reporting Area (VRA)
  • Ships entering the VRA must still register with the Maritime Security Centre for the Horn of Africa (MSCHOA) and report to the United Kingdom Marine Trade Operations (UKMTO) to be monitored during transit;
  • Pre-transit risk assessments should take into account the latest information from both the Voluntary Reporting Area and High Risk Area.

The industry associations further emphasised that in view of the continuing high risk of pirate attack, shipping companies must continue to maintain full compliance with the BMP and be vigilant in their voluntary reporting on piracy incidents, sighting of potential pirates, and any suspicious activity ? as this provides crucial intelligence on risk levels in the area.

08 October 2015
2 Piracy Briefing


For the shipping industry and the seafarer, Piracy remains a particular scourge which needs high level Government and UN support in concert with legitimate Professional Navies to defeat piracy in areas such as Somalia.  Intercargo pays tribute to both the professional navies who have achieved so much in support of the seafarer and world trade, but also the Masters and Crews of vessels, who it was estimated in June 2009, were responsible through their evasive actions in averting 78 % of all attacks.

Intercargo and our Round Table colleagues have actively participated and promoted through the IMO and elsewhere, Best Management Practices (BMP’s) which give advice to Masters and Companies on how best to avoid seizure by Pirates.  These matters are kept under review by a small dedicated Intercargo Correspondence Group comprised of Intercargo Bulk Carrier companies who assist and advise the secretariat and Executive Committee on anti-piracy strategy and reaction to proposed policy developments.

Recent News - Advice & Guidance

20130618 : Human Element / Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP): 

Launch of the Oceans Beyond Piracy “The Human Cost of Maritime Piracy 2012” Report took place in London on 18 June.

The Report, which updates the previous 2011 study, looks not only at the human cost of Somali Piracy, but for the first time, examines the threat of piracy to seafarers in the waters off West Africa.

The detailed Report was developed through the combined efforts of the OBP project of One Earth Future Foundation, the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), and the Maritime Piracy Humanitarian Response Programme (MPHRP).


20121011 : Dhow and Fishing Vessel Recognition Guidance

The NATO Shipping Centre has recently produced three new Guides to help ship's crews distinguish and identify different local vessel types, while transiting the High Risk Area. The Guides cover both dhows and fishing vessels that can be encountered in the HRA.

They can be downloaded free of charge at the NATO Shipping Centre's website at : http://www.shipping.nato.int/

20120718 : Human Element / Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP):

Intercargo attended, and participated in the panel discussion for the Oceans Beyond Piracy / IMB launch of their 2011 “Human Cost of Somali Piracy” report at IMO on 22 June.

The Report centres on the August 2011 “Washington Declaration” at which Panama, Liberia, the Marshall Islands and Bahamas, pledge as “concerned flag states” to redouble their efforts to encourage other flag states to support accurate relevant reporting to the IMB and is divided into two parts – 1. An in-depth statistical analysis of the hijackings in 2011 and 2. Evidence from captured seafarers concerning their treatment at the hands of the pirates.

Intercargo and the ITF co-sponsored an IMB paper together with the Marshall Islands, Panama and Liberia drawing attention to this important issue at the IMO MSC meeting in May.

OBP and IMB report

20120626 : IMO Interim Flag State Guidance

Following the IMO MSC90 meeting (16-25 May 2012), IMO MSC Circular 1444 providing 'Interim Guidance for Flag States on Measures to Prevent and Mitigate Somalia-Based Piracy', has now been produced.

In the main, the Circular acts as an aide memoire to flag administrations by listing the substantial, existing industry and IMO guidance that has already been produced, to enable administrations to easily collate and incorporate it into their own counter-piracy strategy. 

20120620 : IMO Interim PMSC Guidance

Following the IMO MSC90 meeting (16-25 May 2012), IMO MSC Circular 1443 providing 'Interim Guidance for Private Maritime Security Companies Providing Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel on Board Ships in the High Risk Area', has now been issued.

The Circular can be found here: MSC Circ. 1443

20120529 : UKMTO Advice

The UKMTO have asked for immediate feedback from ships transiting the HRA/GoA that feel that they are either threatened or in danger of being attacked, and we remind members that the UKMTO should be the first point of contact in such circumstances; any delay in contacting the UKMTO will delay any potential military response.

The UKMTO have recently observed that some ship’s masters are choosing to phone their CSO first in the event of a piracy incident. One of the fundamental requirements of BMP4 states that UKMTO is the primary point of contact for merchant vessels during piracy incidents in the High Risk Area which should avoid unnecessary delay and possible inaccurate or incomplete information reaching military commanders.

CSOs should ensure their ships’ security plan reinforces the BMP4 recommendation that UKMTO should be telephoned on +971 50 55 23215 in the event of any piracy activity. UKMTO will then make every effort to contact the CSO as a matter of priority with any information received, whilst ensuring the relevant information reaches the military commanders with the minimum of delay.

20120209 : The Economic Cost of Somali Piracy 2011 Report

As a follow up to their initial study released in January 2011, the One Earth Future Foundation's 'Oceans Beyond Piracy' study 'The Economic Cost of Somali Piracy' has now been further updated and re-released in a 2011 edition. The aim of the study is to assess all the main factors involved that contribute overall to the costs of piracy to the industry.

The study continues to be a 'live' project and many of the assumptions and projections made, may be inaccurate owing to the diverse number of information sources involved. Therefore, the 'One Earth Future Foundation' has requested input and comment where appropriate from industry to help improve the overall accuracy of the study.

A copy of the study can be found here: ECOP Full Report 2011

20120111 : UKMTO Reminder

UK Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO) have advised that while transiting the High Risk Area, some ships are either delaying reporting suspicious skiff or small craft activity, or are advising the UKMTO of such activity by email only. Delays in reporting such important information may mean an increased risk to other ships in the vicinity and make it difficult for warships to investigate the perceived risk.

Masters are reminded that the fastest means of communications must be used and that any suspicious sightings or aggressive approaches should be reported to the UKMTO via telephone (+971 505 523 215), following up with an email report and any photographs, if available.

20111214 : Recent Improvements to the NATO Shipping Centre (NSC) Website

In early October, an RSS feed was added to the site. The RSS feed is a feature that automatically publishes updates to subscribers. Users can subscribe to the RSS feed and stay updated on Navigational Warnings and Alerts on the Somali Pirate Alert Map, and will receive an RSS update on a specific activity, on mobile phone and/or email, as soon as there is a new Alert.

In addition, the Pirate Attack Group (PAG) map has also been improved. New legends and text boxes with position/time/date for the specific activity have been incoporated. The background of the map has also been changed to include the whole High Risk Area as defined in BMP4.

NATO prides itself on providing accurate and reliable information, and welcomes any feedback that users may have.

20111128 : Maritime Piracy Humanitarian Response Programme (MPHRP)

Documents produced by the MPHRP relating to the “good practice” guides for use by shipping companies to support both seafarers and seafarers’ families through the three phases of a piracy incident are now available for download from their website at http://www.mphrp.org/MPHRP-Good-Practice-Guide.pdf

This is the full version of the Guide with the Guide for Seafarers, the Guide for Seafarers' Families and all accompanying appendices and other pages included.

20111007 : The SOS ‘SaveOurSeafarers’ industry-led, anti-piracy campaign has launched a short video highlighting the human and economic cost of Somali piracy. The six-minute video highlights the significant threat of Somali piracy attacks for the seafaring community and potentially for world trade itself.

The SOS campaign, launched in March this year, is made up of the largest ever grouping of international seafarers’ organisations, shipping companies and shipping industry associations, including Intercargo, and has already received backing from the British, Philippine and Georgian governments and has seen support from 180 countries.

Full information on the campaign and the video can be found at www.saveourseafarers.com

20111007 : DVD – Piracy: The Menace at Sea

To compliment the launch of BMP4, the Steamship Mutual P&I with the support of a number of industry associations, including Intercargo, has produced a DVD which not only highlights the importance of full implementation of the advice contained in BMP4, but is also intended to bring the issue of piracy to the attention of a wider audience. As with BMP4, every Intercargo Member will receive a copy of the DVD as part of an information pack, shortly. For further information, please refer to the Steamship Mutual website at www.simsl.com

20111006 : Guidance on the construction and use of citadels

Industry has produced Guidelines aimed at giving guidance on the construction and use of citadels for ships in waters affected by Somali based pirates. The document was produced by the Round Table partners – INTERTANKO, BIMCO, ICS and Intercargo - as well as other industry associations, and has been approved by NATO, EUNAVFOR and the Combined Maritime Force (CMF).

The Guidance is available for download from the MSCHOA website at: www.mschoa.org

For security purposes, the document is only accessible for download upon completion of registration on the MSCHOA website.

Users should check the MSCHOA website regularly for updates to the Guidance.

20111006 : Intercargo will again discuss and debate the issue of piracy at its members only meeting in Athens, next week.  Specific topics on the agenda will include Armed Guards, BMP4 and the design aspects of citadel construction.

20111005 : Following the recent release of BMP4, Intercargo has amended and re-printed its "Bulk Carrier BMP Aware" Stickers to reflect the updated advice contained in the booklet. The stickers have been produced to encourage ships to make the linkage between the advice contained in the Best Management Practice Guidelines and their own shipboard operations.  Also contained on the stickers are the contact details for UKMTO and MSCHOA.  Any Bulk Carrier owner - irrespective of whether they are a member of Intercargo or not who would like copies of these free of charge stickers, should contact zoe.sakka"AT" intercargo.org [with the "AT" replaced by the conventional @ symbol to avoid spam email].  

20110816 : The new, improved NATO Shipping Centre (NSC) website went live today, providing more comprehensive and timely information for the shipping community about pirate activity around the Horn of Africa. The web address remains www.shipping.nato.int

20110816 : The latest version of Best Management Practices, BMP4 is attached below, and industry Associations are currently working on a co-ordinated release of the publication. Meanwhile, we continue to emphasize the importance that all Masters and Shipping Companies are strongly urged to follow the advice and guidance contained in BMP4:

Industry Best Management Practice Version 4 low res.pdf

20110301 : Intercargo endorses and supports the www.saveourseafarers.com initiative.  Please visit this site to add your support to the campaign to eradicate piracy.

20110228 : Intercargo will discuss and debate the issue of piracy at its members only meeting in Hong Kong on 8 March 2011.  On the agenda for discussion - Armed Guards, BMP and Self Protection Measures, Human Element, Legal issues; Motherships, and galvanising political and public support.  Intercargo's Piracy Correspondence Group has been asked for its views as input for this meeting.

20110203 : Intercargo was pleased to be an invited guest at IMO's 2011 World Maritime Day annual theme, entitled - Piracy : IMO Orchestrating the Response.  The presence of the UN Secretary General, Mr Ban ki Moon, together with other key international figures outlined the outrage felt by the civilised world about the recent escalation in violence towards seafarers.

20100630 : The latest version of Best Management Practice, BMP 3, has now been released. All Masters and Shipping Companies are strongly urged to follow the advice and guidance contained in the latest version of the BMP, below:

20091224 : Intercargo has printed some "Bulk Carrier BMP Aware" Stickers to encourage ships to make the linkage between the advice contained in the Best Management Practice Guidelines and their own shipboard operations.  Also contained on the stickers are the contact details for UKMTO, MSCHOA and MARLO.  Any Bulk Carrier owner - irrespective of whether they are a member of Intercargo or not who would like copies of these free of charge stickers, should contact zoe.sakka"AT" intercargo.org [with the "AT" replaced by the conventional @ symbol to avoid spam e mail].  Subject to demand, Intercargo, will arrange for the stickers to be produced in languages other than English, with the first languages expected to be Greek, Mandarin, Hindi, Arabic and Tagalog.

20091113 : Routeing and Reporting advice from EUNAVFOR, NATO and CMF :

Merchant shipping is advised that recent piracy attacks have occurred outside the current pirate activity area which is bordered by 60 East and 10 South.  Some attacks have been successfully averted by the vessels complying with the industry Best Management Practices (BMP), proper use of Self Protection Measures, and utilising the usual good practice of seamanship.  In view of the vast area bounded by 60 East and 10 South it is imperative that Merchant Shipping comply with the BMP, in order to prevent piracy attacks as much as possible. Regular reporting of ships' positions to UKMTO Dubai (UKMTO@eim.ae) when entering the reporting area bound by Suez, 10S and 78E will improve the situational awareness of the military forces.  It is essential that ships harden themselves against attacks, and maintain 24/7 piracy watches throughout their voyage through the Indian Ocean. Therefore the best advice is to be vigilant and to act promptly when approached by small craft. The BMP can be accessed via any shipping association web site.

Recent News - Attacks and Seizures

1.  Hijacked ships and seafarers - statistics

Statistics : Piracy activity 2010 to date : believed correct to 21July 2013

Ships / Seafarers CURRENTLY HELD : Latest position as at UKMTO 21.7.13 plus recent updates @ 22.7.13



0 1 ship –  


3 Fishing Vessels/dhows etc but not yachts

TOTAL : 3 vessels

1 – omits “Iceberg 1” and now sunken, Albedo

Hijacked ships are :- (No Bulk Carriers) :-

TOTAL 0 / 22

22 seafarers 1,


44 (approx) FV, dhow, yacht etc seafarers 2

TOTAL : 66 seafarers (approx)

1 - includes 7 crew retained by pirates after release on Asphalt Venture. Includes 15 crew ex sunken Albedo (these crew numbers subject to official confirmation)

2 – excludes  individuals kidnapped from Kenya; allegedly by Somali based pirates

Includes : 4 with no vessels (4 ex Prantalay 12;

Somalia-linked 2010 (IMB)

218 attacks (2009:217)

49 hijacks (2009 : 47)

1,016 seafarers seized of which 8 killed (2009:867)

Somalia-linked 2011 (IMB)

237 attacks

28 hijacks

468 seafarers seized of which 15 killed

Somalia-linked 2012 (IMB) 

75 attacks

14 hijacks


Somalia-linked 2013 (1Q2013) – IMB

20 attacks

4 hijacks

All hijacks against Fishing Vessels

Seized ships, Somalia: 31.12.11

(UKMTO; exl dhows, fishing vessels)


6 ships

158 seafarers

List of dhows, FVs held @ 21.7.13 plus recent changes @ 22.7.13

Note : Yachts, as non-commercial vessels are no longer noted as vessels seized in these statistics; but the crew are counted.

Abdi Khan (16.4.11 : est 3: Yemen FV)

Naham 3 (26.3.12 : est 29 : Taiwan FV)

Al Fardous (13.2.11)

8 : Yemen FV





Global (IMB) 2010 – incidents including armed robbery

445 attacks

53 hijacks

1,181 hostages taken

Global (IMB) 2011 – incidents including armed robbery

439 attacks

45 hijacks

802 hostages taken

Global (IMB) 2012 – incidents including armed robbery

297 attacks

28 hijacks

585 hostages taken

Global (IMB) 2013 – incidents including armed robbery : 1Q2013

66 attacks

4 hijacks

75 hostages taken

Dry Bulk : since Jan 2008 up to and incl Eglantine @ 27.3.12


39 ships

886 seafarers


Ships seized off Somalia in 2010 – chronological order by seizure

 (Excluding fishing vessels, dhows, yachts and non Deep Sea trading vessels)

Ship name

(Held in Bold)


(B/C Held in Bold)





Flag / Crew / Held in Bold

Remarks (O=owned; M=Managed)


Chem T




Sgp / 24

O. Indon. 12.30N / 47.17E

Asian Glory

Car C




UK / 26

620nm off Somalia. 10.48N / 61.54 E


Gen C




N.Kr/ 17

Recaptured by crew. Poss later sank. Outside IRTC, S of Yemen coast.  Not reg ; EUNAVFOR/UKMTO

Al Nisr al Saudi





Saudi /14

On dpt Aden Port. Bunkering tanker. Not reg with authorities and outside IRTC.

UBT Ocean

Chem T




M.I / 21

09.12S/044.20E.  M-Sgp


Bulk C




Mal / 21

1727N/05642E. O-Tur (1000 miles off Somalia)

Iceberg 1

Ro Ro




Pan / 24



O. Dubai. 3O died in October after jumping overboard under strain  13.15 N / 46.40 E

Crew – 9 Yem, 6 Indian, 1 Filipino, 4 Ghanaian, 2 Sudanese, 2 Pakistani. Cargo – gen equipment for UAE.  Vessel grounded. Owners Dubai






Ber / 22

120nm off Oman 17.27 / 56.42E

Samho Dream





M.I / 24

08.21 N/65.00 E.  O-Korean

Yasin C

Bulk C




Tur / 25

Release helped by mech prob? 04.59S / 043.52E

Rak Afrikana

Gen C




St V / 26


May have sunk on release

VOC Daisy

Bulk C




Pan / 21

1625N 05718E.  O-Gre


Marida Marguerite

Chem T




MI / 22

120nm S off Salalah.  O-Ger


Chem T




Bul / 15

In IRTC. C100nm East of Aden. Poss en route for scrap

Eleni P

Bulk C




Lib / 23

M-Gre 15.55N / 60.50E

QSM Dubai

Gen C




Pan / 24

Recaptured by Puntland forces. Seized IRTC

Golden Blessing

Chem T




Sgp / 19

O. Chi  Approx 90nm off N Somali Coast


Chem T




M.I / 18

Used as Mothership. Seized N of Bal al Mandab Strait. 13.16N/042.56E


Gen C




Pan / 22

Seized in IRTC. 13.02N/048.54E

Multinationals – incl 6 Indians

Syria Star

Bulk C




St V/ 24

13.11N/049.04E.  O. Syria

Olib G

Chem T




Mal / 18




O. Gre – vessel en route to be broken up. In IRTC (East end)

15 Georgian; 3 Turkish

Asphalt Venture

Asp. T




Pan / 15


07:09S – 040:59E

Crew – Indian; South Africa to Kenya

Vessel was released but 7 crew retained by Somalis as hostages contrary to agreed terms


Bulk C




Pan / 20

Used as Mothership 0328S 04049E . O-Japan


Gas T




Sgp / 18

04.10S/ 041.1E

When released, took crew of RAK Africana to Mombassa. Crew of York ex Germany, Ukraine and Phil was 17 – orig thought 18.






Lib / 24

Used as Mothership

1223N 06477E

Phil 16; Montenegro 4; Greece 3; 1 Romania

Hannibal II

Chem T




Pan / 30

Used as Mothership

1126N 06605E

Yuan Xiang

Gen C




Pan / 29

O-Chi 1727N 06507E

Crew – 29 Chinese






Malay / (23)




0538N 06827E; O. Malaysia;

Mombasa-Jebel Ali

Crew ex Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka (7 Pakistani crew released 30.7.12)

Jahan Moni

Bulk C




Bang / 26

0812N 07155E

MSC Panama





Lib / 23

80nm E of Tanzania/Moz border

23 Myanmar


Bulk C




Pan / 24


Crew – Filipino


Bulk C




Pan / 19




0142S 06052E;  O. UAE. S.Africa-India

Crew – 18 Syr, 1 Sri Lanka

(when released, 6 crew = 5Syr and 1 Sri Lankan held behind)

Thor Nexus

Gen C




Thai / 27

O-Thai. 1601N 06012E

Crew – Thai

Ems River

Gen C




Ant / 8

Citadel used but unsuccessful. Gulf of Aden. 1810N 05750E.

Petcoke : Jebel Ali-Greece


Ships seized off Somalia in 2011 – chronological order by seizure

Ship name

(Held in Bold)


(B/C Held in Bold)




Flag / Crew / Held in bold



Bulk C




Alg / 27

O – Alg; M – Gre;

Registered with MSCHOA but no UKMTO report 150nm SE Salalah

Crew – Algerian, Ukr (6), Filipino


Gen C



(Crew taken, not ship)

Den / 6



Citadel allegedly used but  unsuccessfully. Ship carrying arms – crew seized (2 Danes, 4 Filipinos) but ship left.

Samho Jewelry

Ch Tanker




Malt / 21

2158N 06350E.  O. Kor

8. S.Kor, 2 Indon, 11 Myan

Retaken by Korean special forces


Bulk C




Cyp / 24

M. Perosa (Gre). All Filipino.

Jordan to India.  C 500 miles SW of Oman.  Technically released on 24/4 but off Somalia until final release.

Hoang Son Sun

Bulk C




Mong / 24

O. Vietnam. C520 miles SE of Muscat.  Crew – 24 Vietnamese

Not registered or reporting

Khaled Muhieddine K

Bulk C




Togo / 25

O. Syr. 1511N 05938E

Crew – 22 Syrian, 3 Egyptian

Beluga Nomination

Gen C




Ant / 12 (9)

O. German. 01.49N – 056.35E. Citadel used but unsuccessfully. 2 Crew members murdered; 1 drowned trying to escape

Crew – 2 Russ, 1 Ukr, 1 Polish, 7 Filipino

Savina Caylyn





It / 22



O. Italian. 5 Italians; 17 Indian

Registered and reported correctly; 1210N 06600E

Irene SL





Gre / 25

7Gre; 17 Filipino, 1 Georg

2127N 06318E.  Registered and reported.


Bulk C




Malt / 23

O. Iranian. 10 Iranian, 13 Indian

Fujiarah-Singapore2014N 06419E

Not registered, not reporting


Bulk C




Pan / 24

O. Gre. 10 Filipino,8 Malaysian, 3 Romanian, 1 Russian.2 Ukr, 1848N 05826E. Registered and reporting. Pakistan to Yemen (Salif)

Sinar Kudus

Gen C





O. Indon. Crew – Indonesian

1421N 05925E






UAE / 29

O. UAE – Arab Maritime Petroleum 1535N 05710E

Registered and Reporting. 17 Pakistanis, 3 Jordanians, 2 Ukr, 1 Cro, 1 Iraqi, 1 Filipino, 1 Indian. Sudan to Singapore.

Susan K

Gen C




Ant / 10

O. German. 1825N 05727E

4 Ukr and 6 Filipino. 35 miles off Oman. India to Port Sudan. Registered and reporting.  Citadel use NOT deemed effective

Rosalia D’Amato

Bulk C




It / 21

Brazil to Iran. Soya. 6 It / 15 Filipino. 1317N 05906E.  Registered and reporting


Ch/Oil P Tanker




Sgp / 25



Malaysia to Mombassa. O. Singaporean. 4 Kor; 13 Indon; 3 Myanmar; 5 Chinese. Registered and reporting.  4 Kor held after release

Jubba XX





UAE / 16

O/M. Jubba General Trading Co (Sharjah). IMO No. 7916260

12 unknown incl Bangladesh, Sudan, Myanmar, Kenya and 4 Somalis.  UAE to Somaliland.  Approx position 13:48N-051:25E

Fairchem Bogey

Ch Tanker




M.I / 21



Crew : Indian Two miles off the Omani port of Salalah whilst at anchorage. Armed Guards had been dropped whilst in territorial waters.China to Saudi Arabia.  M.Anglo Eastern

Liquid Velvet






M.I / 22



21 Filipino, 1 Greek.  Citadel breached.  Unarmed security consultant on board. Hijacked in IRTC, 55nm SE Aden.  Suez-PoD India. O.Greek.

Enrico Ievoli


Ch Tanker




Ital / 18




6 Italian, 7 Indian, 5 Ukrainian

1818N 05736E. Reportedly transiting to join convoy but with no security or citadel on board. Caustic Soda. O.Italy.UAE to Med


Ships seized off Somalia in 2012 – chronological order by seizure

Ship name

(Held in Bold)


(B/C Held in Bold)




Flag / Crew / Held in bold


Free Goddess

Bulk C




Lib / 21



21 Filipinos. 1603N 06226E

Steel coil from Egypt to Singapore

1603N 06226E.  Released 11.10.12.  O.Greek


Ro Ro




Pan / 17




1904N 05808E at 0227Z on 18 Feb 12. Owners-UAE, Cargo -Somaliland

Royal Grace

Ch Tanker




Pan / 22




021447ZMAR12.  Dubai owners. 21227N 06237E. IMO 8410407. Dubai owners; Crew- India x17, Pakistan x1, Bangladesh x1, Nigeria x3.  Maiden voyage to Nigeria


Bulk C




Bol / 23



260330ZMAR 12. 0700N 06949E.  Owned by Iranian interests.  IMO 9193202.  Sugar ex Rio.  Closer to India than Somalia.  11 Iranian; 10 Filipino; 1 Indian; 1 Ukrainian.

Crew reportedly released by Iran Forces after 2 day gunfight.






Lib / 26



1558N 06103E

approximately  285nm SSE of Masirah at 0930Z 10 May 12

IMO 9493779. 14 Filipino, 11 Indian, 1 Romanian. O.Greece. Turkey to Borneo (Indonesia)

2. Historical data relating to Bulk Carriers seized

(From January 2008 to December 2009, 21 Bulk Carriers and 472 of their seafarers were seized).

Navios Apollon - Greece - 9211145 - 20091228 / 20100228 - 800 miles off Somalia, 03 22S; Long 59 44 E - 19 seafarers (1 Greek / 18 Filipino) - Tampa to India (fertiliser) [63 days under seizure]

Al-Khaliq - Panama - 8307155 - 20091022 / 20100209 - 0429S 05226EE - 26 seafarers (24 Indians and 2 Burmese) - Indian interests

De Xin Hai - China - 9364758 - 20091019 / 20091228 - 0153N 06005E - 25 seafarers (Chinese)

Ariana - Malta - 8014150 - 20090502 / 20091212 - 07.19S, 052.11E -  24 Ukrainian seafarers - Greek/UK interests, soya Brazil to Middle East

Filitsa - Marshall Islands - 9136929 -  20091111/ 20100201 - 00 36S 062 40E - 22 crew (3 Greek Officers and 19 Filipino) - Greek owned

Delvina - Marshall Islands - 9384796 - 20091105 / 20091217 - 09 44S 045 52E - 21 crew (7 Ukrainians and 14 Filipinos) - Greek owned

Horizon I - Turkish - 7625732 - 20090708 / 20091005 - Aden Bay, 23 crew -

Irene E M - St Vincent - 7433593 - 20090414 / 20090913 - 12.51 N, 048.11E - 22 Filipino seafarers - Greek managed

Patriot - Malta -  20090425 / 20090520 - Gulf of Aden, 150 nm off Mukalla - 17 seafarers - Grain

Malaspina Castle - Panama - 20090406 / 20090509 12:33N – 049:02E - 24 seafarers (1 Rus, 2 Ukr, 16 Bulg, 4 Filipino, 1 Indian) - Iron Ore

Saldanha - Malta - 200902022 / 20090425 - 12:33.98N - 047:01.32E - 22 seafarers (2 Rom, 1 Ukr, 19 Filipino) - Greek Managers, coal from Newcastle NSW to Koper 

Titan - St Vincent - 20090315 / 20090415 - Aden Bay - 24 seafarers - Iron Ore Black Sea to Korea -

Delight - Hong Kong - 20081118 / 20090112 - 25 seafarers (Iranian) - Grain ex China to Bandar Abbas

African Sanderling -  Panama - 20081015 / 20090112 - 14.02N / 050.07E -  21 seafarers (Filipino) - ex Jordan with Fertilisers

Yasa Nesilhan - Turkish -  20081030 / 20090106 - 13.00N / 046.40E - 20 seafarers (Turkish) - Iron ore Canada to China

Capt Stefanos - Bahamas - 20080921 / 20081206 -02.30N / 51.59E - 19 seafarers (17 Filipino, 1 Chinese, I Ukr) - Coal

Great Creation - Hong Kong - 20080918 / 20081119  - 14.13N – 49.59E - 25 crew (23 China, 1 Hong Kong, 1 Sri Lanka) - Chinese owned, HK managed, coal ex Tunisia to India

Centauri - Malta - 7701354 - 20080918 / 20081128 - 02.22.22N-50.55.26E - 26 Filipino - Salt, Tunisia to Mombassa 

Bright Ruby - Korea - 20080910 / 20081016 - 21 crew (8 Korean, 13 Burmese) - Korean interests 

Iran Deyanat - Iran - 20080821 / 20081010 - 28 crew (3 Indina, 2 Russ, 2 Pakistan, 1 Syria, 20 Iran) - Nanjing to Netherlands with bauxite, alumina etc

Stella Maris - Panama - 20080720 / 20081011 - “Off Calula" - 18 Filipino crew - Lead and Zinc / Townsville – Spain and UK

3.  Other recent attacks and hijackings (attack details shown here for max two weeks)

Recent attacks will be added here soon.

4.  Significant Bulk Carrier attacks (Other than Gulf of Aden)

20110318 : At about 0300, the Bulk Carrier Cape Med was attacked by men in four small boats in 01 05 N 103 35 E.  The vessel took evasive action and afater about 30 minues, the pirates broke off their attack.

20100817 : The Bulk Carrier Bet Fighter was attacked by pirates on 17 Aug 2010 at 3 Deg 05 N, 105 Deb 07 E, about 28nm NW of Pulau Mangkai.  Cash, stores, and crew belongings were stolen.  The crew had been threatened with knives.

20100702 : (Following news has been supplied by GAC World) A maritime security alert has been issued for the Gulf of Guinea following a forecast rise in political tensions on the land, as well as an attack on two cargo ships on 2 July. The BBC Polonia, a German flagged cargo ship was one of two ships making their way to Onne port near Port Harcourt when it was attacked. One person was killed and twelve hostages were taken during the incident. The hostages were eventually released on 4 July near Bonny Island in the south of Rivers state but it is not clear if a ransom was paid to the kidnappers.

20100612 : Bulk Carrier "Trans Pacific" (IMO 9283643) was attacked by piirates in the vicinity of Pulau Mangkai (3.49.8 N; 105.46.87E) Indonesia. Eight robbersn boarded from a speedboat, tied up the Master and the crew and ransacked the crew quarters, stealing personal belongings. There have been five incidents in this area since January 2010.  (Information supplied by ReCaap).

20100510 : Bulk Carrier "Performer" - While anchored in the southeast of Tanjung Ayam, Malaysia, six to seven armed robbers boarded the vessel.  It was noted that nothing was stolen from the vessel and none of the crew was injured. This is the seventh reported incident in the vicinity since January 2010.  (Source : ReCaap)

20100409 : Bulk Carrier Star Ypsilon was robbed by seven armed men approximately 20nm northwest of Pulau Jemanja while underway and at night.  Another vessel had been robbed at a similar location two days before.  ReCaap advises that vessels are most at risk from attacks at the stern and that additional watches should be considered.  Vessels which have been attacked are urged to immediately contact the nearest coastal state and the relevant authorities.

Intercargo Policy

  • To work within the Round Table and the IMO / United Nations to end  piracy in the Gulf of Aden and elsewhere.
  • To receive reports from members on their response to the situation, including possible operational responses such as routing via the Cape and BMP practices designed to deter attacks.
  • To impress on all authorities, the need to maintain sufficient naval capability to support the UN objectives of stabilising the region and supporting the World Food Programme, where Intercargo members have a strong involvement in securing humanitarian aid to the region.
  • To seek every available means to secure a safe release of all  seafarers held hostage and to bring the pirates to justice.
  • The safety of seafarers remains Intercargo’s prime concern.

Intercargo is pleased to assist any Dry Bulk Shipowner, irrespective of Association Membership, who would like information about the latest version of the Industry Best Management Practices guidance.

All incidents including suspicious sightings should be immediately reported.

22 July 2013
Port State Control Performance top
1 Tokyo and Paris MoU will launch a joint CIC on Crew Familiarization for Enclosed Space Entry

Tokyo and Paris MoU will launch a joint CIC on Crew Familiarization for Enclosed Space Entry

The CIC will be held for three months, commencing from 1 September 2015 and ending 30 November 2015. The aim of the CIC is to ensure effective procedures and measures are in place to safeguard seafarers on board ships when entering and working in enclosed spaces and to check compliance with the applicable requirements of the SOLAS Convention.

Port State Control Officers (PSCOs) will use a list of 10 selected questions to establish that crew members with enclosed space duties are familiar with relevant equipment and have received training to carry out their duties and identify and understand the hazards associated with entry into enclosed spaces. The 10 questions are:

Q.1 Are there measures in place to test the atmosphere of an enclosed space to confirm it is safe to enter?

Q.2 Are crew members responsible for testing the atmosphere in enclosed spaces trained in the use of the equipment referred to in Question 1?

Q.3 Are the crew members familiar with the arrangements of the ship, as well as the location and operation of any on-board safety systems or appliances that they may be called upon to use for enclosed space entry?

Q.4 Are crew members responsible for enclosed space emergency duties, familiar with those duties?

Q.5 Is the training manual available on board and its contents complete and customized to the ship?

Q.6 Is there evidence on board that enclosed space entry and rescue drills are conducted in accordance with SOLAS Chapter III, Regulation 19?

Q.7 Have the ship??s crew participated in an enclosed space entry and rescue drill on board the ship at least once every two months in accordance with SOLAS Chapter III, Regulation 19.3.3?

Q.8 Are crew members responsible for enclosed space entry aware of the associated risks?

Q.9 During the CIC, the PSCO is to observe an enclosed space entry and rescue drill. Did the drill comply with the requirements of SOLAS Chapter III, Regulation 19.3.6?

Q.10 Is the ship detained as a result of a ??NO?? answer to any of the questions?

27 July 2015
2 Intercargo Benchmarking Report
Our Benchmarking Bulk Carriers Report 2012-13 has now been published. Data related to PSC, Classification Societies, Flags and Owners and Benchmarking is again available in this year's Report. See below for further details. 

25 September 2013
3 PSC Regional Round-Up 2013 Publications

Regional Round-Up 2013 : Ports Where Bulk Carriers Were Detained

In order to provide its members with the most up to date industry information in an effort to improve fleet performance, Intercargo has produced a series of four unique new publications that contain a host of bulk carrier specific PSC data, relating to dry bulk vessels over 10,000Dwt trading internationally.

02 September 2013
4 Port State Control Benchmarking Briefing

Issue Summary

Intercargo supports accurate measurement of quality, the promotion of quality and the eradication of sub-standard shipping. Intercargo works with PSC interests to support :-
  • Harmonised standards and training of inspectors
  • Consistent interpretation on what constitutes clear grounds for inspection
  • The raising of standards of all MoUs to those of the global best.

Intercargo Policy

The function of port State control is to ensure that shipping conforms to the regulatory requirements of internationally agreed Conventions.   Of the 9 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) areas plus the US Coast Guard, almost all have publicly accessible targeting matrices, selecting vessels based on empirically defined risks associated with owners past performance, vessel type, flag, age, Classification Society etc.  In the overwhelming majority of cases, targeting and inspection is professionally undertaken leading to a safer and more environmentally friendly Industry.

Intercargo fully supports the enforcement of regulation through the PSC process. By making detailed information available to the PSC authorities and all other interested parties through our annual “Benchmarking” Report, Intercargo provides a transparent and statistically verifiable statement on the performance of various stakeholders including ships entered by Intercargo members, thereby encouraging continuous improvement. The strategic aim of Intercargo is therefore to "support the MoU policies of rewarding (through fewer inspections) the owners and operators of vessels that perform highly during PSC inspections and to target/improve the below average stakeholders".

Summary of Recent Developments

Asbestos inspections on foreign sea-going vessels

The Shipping Department of the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate of the Netherlands (ILT/Scheepvaart ) has announced that it will carry out asbestos inspections of foreign ships in Dutch ports, beginning in the 3rd/4th quarter of 2012.

According to the ILT/Scheepvaart website, the PSC inspector will be accompanied by an expert from an asbestos company who will take samples where necessary. These samples will be analysed and, if asbestos is found, the ship must immediately contact its own Flag State to request an exemption certificate in accordance with MSC.1/circ. 1374. For more information please visit The Shipping Department of the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate website at the following address:


Intercargo 2012-13 Benchmarking Report
The Report is produced using our own extensive dry bulk database incorporating PSC inspection and detention data drawn from publicly accessible websites. The data is analysed to give reports on the performance of stakeholders including owners, flag and class, with Deficiencies per Inspection (DPI) being used as the standard measure of PSC performance and overall quality. 

Key findings from the 2011-12 Report

The quality of dry bulk shipping improved slightly during 2011 – as measured by a decrease in the number of detentions; In 2011, Intercargo entered ships had a better than average DPI rating of 1.60 (2010: 1.50;  2009: 1.59) whereas non-Intercargo entered ships had a DPI rating of 2.60 (2010: 2.59; 2009: 2.54). Crucially, Intercargo entered ships continue to outperform industry averages.

Inspections in individual ports – trends

Intercargo has scrutinised PSC inspection results of bulk carriers in the ports of the Paris MoU, Tokyo MoU, Indian Ocean and US Coast Guard areas of jurisdiction. The results continue to show distortion of results implying that the harmonisation of inspection regimes globally still has a long way to go.

Future Concentrated Inspection Campaigns (CIC)

On 29 July, the Paris and the Tokyo Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Port State Control advised that they would launch a joint CIC with the purpose to ensure compliance with SOLAS Chapter II-1/ Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery on ships. The campaign will be held for three months, commencing 1 September 2013 and ending on 30 November 2013. In practice, the CIC means that during a regular port State control inspection conducted under the regional ship selection criteria within the Paris and Tokyo MoU regions, propulsion and auxiliary machinery arrangements and other applicable documentation will be verified in more detail for compliance with SOLAS Chapter II-1. Port State Control Officers (PSCOs) would use a list of twelve selected items to verify critical areas for propulsion and auxiliary machinery systems, some of which are related to documentation, equipment and crew familiarisation. For this purpose, PSCOs would apply a questionnaire listing a number of items to be covered during the concentrated inspection. This questionnaire is available on the Tokyo MoU website by clicking on the following link:


or by downloading the following pdf file:

Paris and Tokyo MoU Joint Press Release CIC on Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery

In 2012 CICs targeted compliance with fire safety system requirements. The relevant press release can be found by downloading the following pdf file.

Paris and Tokyo MoU Joint Press Release CIC on FSS

The results of the CIC on FSS, as mentioned in the recent press release from the Tokyo MoU, show that compliance with fire safety system requirements on board was found to be not satisfactory. For detailed information please download the following pdf file:

Press Release on the results of the latest CIC on FSS

In 2011, CICs targeted structural safety and loadlines. On 1 January 2011, the Paris MoU introduced a New Inspection Regime (NIR) which places more emphasis on company performance criteria for the previous 3-year period, when creating the 'Ship Risk Profile'.

02 September 2013
5 New Inspection Regime from Paris MoU

Intercargo and Intertanko recently hosted representatives of the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) who delivered a presentation on the requirements of the New Inspection Regime (NIR) of the Paris MoU on Port State Control, due to enter into force on 1st January 2011. 


On 1st January 2011, there will be changes to the reporting and targeting regimes for ships calling at ports under the Paris MoU jurisdiction. Details of the new reporting requirements may be found in the EMSA leaflet below. Please note that in accordance with reporting and other requirements, individual member states will remain responsible for implementing the rules on pre-arrival reporting both 72 and 24 hours in advance, noting that the 72 hour period will apply to vessels which are deemed eligible for an Expanded Inspection. The NIR will now also take account of the historical performance of a company when assessing whether a ship is subject to an inspection. If a vessel is deemed a low risk ship, the number of inspections in Paris MoU ports might be as few as one in every 24-36 month period.

For further information please see below.

29 March 2010
Reception facilities & MARPOL Annex V top
1 ICMM/Intercargo Workshop

ICMM (Miners Association)/Intercargo Workshop on Cargoes and MARPOL Annex V

The workshop, held on 11 October 2013, was an opportunity for all to hear how the IMO operates; which elements of the codes are relevant to the bulk transport of minerals and metals products; how they are changing; and the consequences for the mining and shipping industries.

Discussion focussed on recent amendments to Annex V of the MARPOL Convention and changes to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code (IMSBC Code) - both of which now include hazard identification criteria that are directly relevant to mineral products such as ore concentrates.

31 October 2013
2 Reception Facilities & MARPOL Annex V

Latest Developments

24 July 2013
3 Guide to Good practice on PRF

The Guide to Good Practice on Port Reception Facilities, below,  was developed as one of the work items of the IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee Action Plan and is intended to be a practical users’ guide for ships’ crews who seek to deliver MARPOL residues/wastes ashore and for port reception facility providers who seek to provide timely and efficient port reception services to ships.

11 August 2009
Terminal Operational Damage top
1 Terminal Operational Damage Briefing

Issue Summary

There are some reports of dry bulk vessels abeing damaged through specific operational practices at certain terminals.

Intercargo Policy

Although a comparatively rare phenomena, Intercargo believes that owners should be aware of the effects of harsh terminal operations on the structural integrity of the ship and should take whatever steps are necessary – including the use of appropriate Charterparty Clauses, to create an improved operational environment in the ship-port interface.

Summary of Recent Developments

For many years, Intercargo has encouraged its members to complete a Terminal Report Form, outlining allegations of stevedore damage.

Interest in completing and returning such forms to Intercargo has waned considerably in recent years and in recognition of this fact, Intercargo switched over to a system whereby Masters were encouraged to return such forms only in cases where some negative or exceptional issue had been encountered.  From the forms that have been returned to Intercargo in the last 1-2 years, only a very tiny minority – less than 2%, showed any reported ship damage through stevedore action and although information was incomplete, there appeared to be no cases where the damage and compensation was not effectively resolved before the ship left the terminal.

Using other industry data, the following terminal or cargo issues were reported in 2008 although it can be assumed that the figures given show an under-reporting of the true numbers of cases.

Issues connected with the cargo crane of the ship – 4
Cargo quality / contamination of the ship through dust – 2
Stevedore damage – 3
Deck cargo lost (logger) - 1

Stevedore damage invariable involved the loading or discharge of scrap or steel cargoes.

However, the issue of concern raised by Intercargo members concerned the inadequacy of fendering at a very limited number of terminals where cargoes are effectively transhipped using crane barges or other fixed transhipment systems.  Without proper and adequate fendering systems, a rubbing motion caused by tidal movement can cause damage to the Bulk Carrier.

24 July 2009
Training and Manpower top
1 Training and Manpower Briefing

Issue Summary

Intercargo is concerned about the numbers of seafarers to meet the future needs of an expanding bulk carrier fleet and where these professionals might be sourced from. In addition the adequacy of the existing training regime for the modern safety conscious bulk carrier sector is being considered.

Intercargo Policy

Intercargo believes that it will be necessary to give far more attention to the quantum and quality of seafarers’ training if the future Bulk Carrier fleet is to be manned and accidents reduced.

Intercargo has commenced the formation of a Training and Manpower Correspondence Group to consider policy with regard to:
  • issues connected with the supply and demand of seafarers for the expanding Bulk Carrier fleet,
  • competency issues vis-à-vis the established STCW Training Regime and
  • issues connected with the human element and how this interacts with Casualties and other Negative Performance Indicators noted in Intercargo’s Benchmarking Report.

Summary of Recent Developments

Intercargo has formed a Correspondence Group to investigate the issues mentioned in Point 1 above.  The issues that will be considered by the Group are as follows :-

  1. Demand and Supply for seafarers in the Bulk Sector – to merely note the statistical data and the various hypotheses on timing without engaging in debate on the detail.
  2. Value added training – inviting the CG to confirm that this should not be mandatory
  3. Company specific practices –
    • Cadet berths
    • Raising profile of industry and the likelihood that seafarers will continue to be sourced in traditional nations such as the Philippines rather than through as-yet-undetected nations
    • Classroom courses in training centres
    • Technical seminars
    • Sailing visits by on-board training superintendents
    • Industry and Company feedback when on leave
    • Publicity – newsletters and magazines
    • Computer Based Training programmes (CBT) e,g Videotel
    • Feedback from P&I Clubs, Underwriters and other industry sources
  4. The initial suggestion that specific training techniques require CBT
  5. On-board dynamics – multi-nationalities
  6. Motivation of seafarers to extend the time they would wish to spend at sea
  7. Consideration of de-motivating factors and what can be done to address this.  Does de-motivation impact on safety ?
  8. “Habitability” – e.g the provision of Broadband internet

Maritime Labour Convention (MLC, 2006)

Following the announcement that the ILO Maritime Labour Convention (MLC, 2006) has now been ratified by 30 ILO Member States, the Convention will enter into force in 12 months’ time, in August 2013.

The latest States to ratify the Convention are Russia and the Philippines, meaning that the gross tonnage requirement of at least 33% has also now been surpassed and currently stands at just below 60%.

Shipowners will need to ensure they are ready before the new regime of global labour standards comes into force. Significantly, the MLC will be subject to port state control, including the potential for more detailed inspections if ships are thought not to comply, and the possibility of detention in serious cases of non-compliance or where hazardous conditions exist.

The MLC 2006 is often considered to be the ‘fourth pillar’ of shipping regulation, alongside IMO SOLAS, MARPOL and STCW Conventions, and as such is likely to be strictly enforced by flag states and port state control.

The MLC addresses a wide range of matters including seafarer’s welfare, crew accommodation and working hours and an important feature of the Convention’s enforcement will be the issue of ‘Maritime Labour Certificates’ by flag administrations following an inspection. There is also a requirement for ships to complete and maintain on board a ‘Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance’.

A copy of the Convention can be found here: MLC (2006)

17 September 2012
2 Day of the Seafarer
Intercargo proudly supports the Day of the Seafarer campaign organised by the IMO.

For further information click on the following link:




17 September 2012
Other issues top
1 Intercargo News Releases
News Releases:


Intercargo News Release 03-13 : Intercargo Calls for Improved and Transparent Public Reporting Following Ship Casualties
Intercargo News Release 02-13 : Dry Bulk Shipowners, Cargo Interests and the Environment to Benefit from IMO Decision on Reception Facilities
Intercargo News Release 01-13 : Intercargo Calls for Swift Casualty Investigation into the Loss of the Harita Bauxite


Intercargo News Release 06-12 : MARPOL Annex V : Port Reception Facilities - Intercargo Warns of Potential Confusion and Enforcement Issues from 1 January 2013
Intercargo News Release 05-12 : Intercargo announces new Chairman
Intercargo News Release 04-12 : Intercargo calls for Charterers to support IMO process to implement fuel efficiency measures for shipping
Intercargo News Release 03-12 : Intercargo Publishes Report Benchmarking Bulk Carriers 2011-12
Intercargo News Release 02-12 : Intercargo Launches 'Guide for the Safe Loading of Nickel Ore' 01 February 2012
Intercargo News Release 01-12 : Vinalines Queen - 22 More Deaths Owing to Cargo Liquefaction? 03 January 2012


Intercargo News Release 02-11 : Intercargo Publishes Report Benchmarking Bulk Carriers 2010-11
Intercargo News Release 01-11 : Hazardous Cargoes


Intercargo News release 04-10 : Nickel Ore Casualties
Intercargo News Release 03-10 : Intercargo Warns of the Dangers of the Carriage of Nickel Ore Cargoes

Intercargo News Release 02-10 : Intercargo welcomes approval of Circular on loading rates at MSC 87
Intercargo News Release 01-10 : Intercargo Publishes Report Benchmarking Bulk Carriers 2009-10
20 November 2014
2 Other Association Issues 08 October 2014
3 Panama Canal

High level shipping sector meeting with the Panama Canal Authority (ACP) on 15 November 2013, at ICS, London

A presentation (a copy of which can be found at the end of this article) was given by the ACP following their 2013 consultation with the various shipping sector representative bodies including Intercargo on their latest position in respect of the post 2015 Toll Structure. The  meeting, which included a contingent from within the Intercargo membership, was conducted in accordance with Anti Trust Rules.

19 November 2013
4 Stowaways

Issue Summary

In 2007-2008, concern was expressed over the difficulties in landing stowaways because of delays, additional costs and inconvenience to the crew (and stowaway).  Noting that the actual numbers of stowaways reported to IMO appeared to be under-estimated, Intercargo and our Round Table partners convinced IMO to establish a “Stowaway Focal Point” (SFP) who would try and help the landing of stowaways when existing P&I expertise had been exhausted.  The provision of a SFP proved to be a short-term measure and subject to “trial” arrangements but Intercargo is happy to assist any member by asking for IMO support in circumstances where the member’s P&I Club is unable to make progress.

An IMO meeting starting on 6 September 2011 (FAL 37) will agree Stowaway Guidelines – inter alia, which may or may not include a cut off point of 14 days during which the ship owner / P&I Club may have to reimburse the initial receiving state for processing the stowaway.  The key issue is whether the Industry (owners Associations and P&I interests) should push for a defined time limit [14 days], running the risk that receiving states will be under no pressure to resolve the problem before then, as someone else will pay, or should we merely urge states to keep costs to a minimum?

Intercargo Policy

Although not a Bulk Carrier specific issue, Intercargo will continue to work with the International Group of P&I Clubs (IG) and their individual members to ensure that any specific stowaway incidents are resolved in a humanitarian way and as speedily as possible. Intercargo recognises the existing expertise of P&I Clubs in resolving stowaway problems.

“A speedier repatriation process; recognising the professional efforts of P&I Clubs and encouraging IMO to assist in the humanitarian resolution of practical seafaring problems”

Summary of Recent Developments

2009 – BIMCO created a Stowaways Clause for Time Charterparties.

9.10 : FAL (IMO Facilitation Committee) 36 : considered the IG paper FAL 36/6.  IMO noted under-reporting; that the average number of days a stowaway spent on board was 4.7 days with the longest at 174 days and that the total cost to IG Clubs net of deductibles was USD 14.3m.  The top five ports of embarkation were Lagos, Abidjan, Durban, Richards Bay and Tema.

6.9.11 : FAL 37 will review the IMO Guidelines “Allocation of responsibilities to seek the successful resolution of stowaway cases”.  The relevant IMO paper is FAL 37/6 – available to any member on request.

The Guidelines will incorporate subsequent SOLAS XI-2 and ISPS amendments and will be harmonised – as far as possible with the existing FAL Convention.  Note that some countries have not adopted the revised FAL Convention.

The draft Guidelines appear to be generally supportable as they are in line with international custom and practices.  Issues covered in the Guidelines include :-

- Definitions of:

a) a Stowaway (as per the revised FAL Convention) and

b) Attempted Stowaway (basically one found before the ship sails or leaves territorial waters);

- A general requirement for adequate searches of the ship prior to sailing and taking into consideration the possibility of stowaways before fumigation and sealing holds;

- Ports to work with owners, thus recognising that they have a responsibility in keeping attempted stowaways out of the port facility;

- Shipowners and Masters responsible for controlling access to the ship – broadly in line with ISPS requirements;

- Notes and a proforma report form dealing with questioning and the humane treatment of stowaways;

- Owners / P&I to cover to cover applicable costs relating to the removal, detention etc at the first port of landing. Should we invite IMO to consider the IMO’s Correspondence Group idea of putting a time limit on these costs ? If the stowaway is found in the embarkation port or in territorial waters, the state of the port of loading / embarkation is to consider no costs / charges / fines against the owners;

- State in the port of landing to consider mitigation of charges where the owner has cooperated and advised the state about the existence of stowaways;


Number of stowaways reported to IMO  (NB under-reporting)






252 (IG 842)




889 (IG 1,955)



Note : IG years counted from 20 Feb to 20 Feb each year

18 September 2013
5 Lifeboats

Outcome of DE 53 (IMO Design and Equipment Sub-committee) on lifeboats and LSA

The 53rd session of the Design and Equipment Sub-Committee (DE53) met between 22-26 February 2010 and discussed at length issues related to lifeboat hooks and release mechanisms, service/inspection of lifeboats and recovery systems.

18 September 2013
6 Forthcoming Regulations



Following a request from members to receive an impact-assessment timetable of regulatory issues likely to have an impact on Bulk Carriers, the Secretariat has drawn up the following table to give members advance notification of known legislative changes.


As an important caveat, the information shown below is insufficient to give companies a full understanding of what is required from them to implement the requirements of International conventions or other national requirements.  Further advice from Classification Societies – for example to ABS, DNV and LR, to whom we acknowledge our thanks for some of the core information contained below, and your Flag State must be sought prior to making strategic decisions or incurring capital expenditure.


The information is in two parts and is designed (errors and omissions excepted) to reflect requirements for Dry Bulk vessels over 10,000 dwt engaged on international voyages :-  A) Regulations etc which have entered into force in the last 12 months or so; and B) Regulations etc entering into force in the future. Any date in [square brackets] is estimated and may be subject to change.  The requirements are broadly sorted into the Intercargo Work Programme summary headings but are listed in chronological order.


Advice of regulatory activity not mentioned below is welcomed and should be sent to info@intercargo.org



Information updated to : 24 Dec 2012


A) Regulations introduced in immediate past appropriate to Intercargo entered tonnage (chronological)

Short title

Enabling convention


Ship type


Casualties – Emergency Towing Procedures

SOLAS II-1/3-4

Capabilities to tow ship from fore and aft positions



Design Standards – Liferafts

Life Saving Appliances (LSA Code)

Capacity for persons 75kg raised to 82.5 kg



Design Standards – smoke extraction

SOLAS 11-2

FSS (Fire Safety Systems) Code

Electrical and audible signal charges



Port State Control – IAPP

Supplement of IAPP Certificate

To specify the Sulphur content of bunker used by ship as per BDN



Air Emissions – EEDI Calculations


Reference EEDI Calculation Guidelines establish the reference lines for each ship type to comply with a required EEDI



Air Emissions – EEDI Survey & Certification


Revisions to the EEDI S & C G/L. Preliminary verification at the design stage which should include model tests for determining the ships power curve.  Development of an EEDI Technical File (details of how the attained EEDI was created) which is then subject to a final verification after sea trials.



Environmental – Recycling

Ship Recycling Convention

Guidelines for the Authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities (Competent Authority)



Environmental – Recycling

Ship Recycling Convention

Guidelines for the Authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities (Ship Recycling Facility Plan)



Reception Facilities – Regional Reception Facilities Plan


Guidelines to assist Governments



Reception Facilities – SIDS


Small Island Developing states can develop regional arrangements in / outside Special Areas.  Must be approved by the Committee



Casualties – Pilot ladders


Pilot ladders.  To be certificated by the manufacturers.  No mechanical pilot hoists



Design Standards – Bridge Alarms

SOLAS 1/19.2

Bridge Navigation Watch Alarm Systems (BNWAS) – to be installed and working.  Earlier systems installed to 1.7.11 may be permissible



Design Standards – Coatings

SOLAS 11 – 1/3-2

Double Side Skin Bulk Carriers to be coated in accordance with IMO’s approved Coating Performance Standards. Also dedicated seawater ballast tanks



Design standards – Fire Safety Systems

FSS (Fire Safety Systems) Code

FSS Code revised : Fixed Fire output systems used as output devices to other FSS e.g. fire dampers



Design Standards – Fire Test Procedures (FTP)


New procedures for testing



Environmental – Invasive Species

- USA requirement (Anti Fouling System Convention)

For US flagged ships and others operating in US waters.  This is a certification compliance issue at this stage given that the AFS Convention entered into force on 17.9.08 (with all coatings made applicable 60 months – i.e. 17.9.13, after this date)



Navigation – AIS


AIS annual testing to verify correct programming of ships I.D



Navigation – EGC


Enhanced Group Call (ECG) to be type approved by INMARSAT



Port State Control – SOLAS I certs


Certificate revision when alternative design and arrangements for machinery and electrical installations / fire protection / LSA applied



Air Emissions – US ECA

Chapter IV

ECA to USA / Canada : 1.8.12 = 1.0% S in fuel; 1.1.15 = 0.1%.  Steamships built on / before 1.8.11 not designed to use distillates exempted until 1.1.20.  For 200nm transit, its 1%.  SoX scrubbers OK provided meets equivalence









B) Regulations for introduction in future appropriate to Intercargo entered tonnage (chronological)


Short title

Enabling convention


Ship type


Air Emissions – EEDI


Attained EEDI is not to exceed a maximum.  Chapter IV – Reg 21 ?.  International Energy Efficiency Certificate introduced.



Air Emissions – SEEMP


SEEMP to be provided and kept on board.  Ships Energy Efficiency Management Plan



Cargoes – IMSBC


Revisions.  New schedules. Shippers to declare whether “Harmful to the Marine Environment” (HME), Exemptions for Special Areas generally withdrawn.  See further guidance under “Reception Facilities” on Intercargo website



Design Standards – Lifeboats

MSC 81(70)

New tests for lifeboats and equipment installed – for ships with keel laid after this date 1.1.13



Reception Facilities – Garbage Management Plans


Guidelines and revisions : discharge of cargo hold cleaning agents HME in HWW prohibited



Navigation – ECDIS

SOLAS 1 / 19.2

ECDIS to be fitted unless scrapping within 2 years.  Also, Bride Navigational Watch Alarm System (BNWAS) required and operational when underway.


1.7.13 (where keel laid : but age / size dependent)

Navigation – Ship Reporting Great Belt


Mandatory reporting for ships with an air draft greater that 15m in / to ports in BELTREP (Danish Great Belt)



Air Emissions – SCR


Scheme B for Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) engines which cannot be pre-certificated on a test bed



Reception Facility

MARPOL V (see MEPC 219/63)

No discharging of cargo hold cleaning agents deemed HME in HWW; no discharge of incinerator ash (previously allowed 12nm outside Non Special Areas)



Reception Facilities – Regional plans


Reception facilities permissible through “Regional Reception Facilities Plan” for Small Island Developing States



Training, Manpower & Human Element

Maritime Labour Convention

Enters into force



Environmental – Invasive Species

Anti Fouling System Convention

Final date for non-compliant coatings, noting the Convention entered into force on 17.9.08.  Most owners will have complied some time in advance of this date.



Air Emissions – Puerto Rico ECA : aka US Caribbean Sea

MARPOL VI (see MEPC.1/Circ 755)

ECA enters into force : 1.1.14 = 1.0% S in fuel; 1.1.15 = 0.1%.  Ships not designed to use distillates exempted until 1.1.20.



(some exemption to 1.1.20)


Loadline Annex B / Annex II . Reg 47

New definition of the northern boundary of the Southern Winter Seasonal Zone


1.1.14 (expected)

Design standards – ESP


Enhanced Survey Programme – IMO 744 replaced by new International Code on Enhanced Programme of Inspections (A.1049 (27)



Design standards – Fire Safety Systems

FSS (Fire Safety Systems) Code

FSS Code revised for fixed fire systems



Design standards – Lifeboat testing


Free Fall Life Boats (FFLB). Simulated tests OK during annual and 5 year overload (added to already OK 3m abandon ship drills)



Design standards – Speed Logs

SOLAS V / 19

Two separate devices for speed through the water and speed over the ground required



Navigation – VDRs


Voyage Data Recorder standards amended – fixed recording medium and float free recording medium



Operational – Load Lines

ICLL 68/88

Coordinated dates of Southern Winter Seasonal Zone amendments (Load Line)



Piracy – Reporting


Distribution facilities for LRIT enhanced in Gulf of Aden / Wider Indian Ocean enhanced to include polling functionalities to more accurately identify ships in HRA



Casualties – Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

SOLAS – see MSC 338 (91)

All Ships must be able to re-charge SCBAs on board when discharged in drills etc. Or have the capability of replacing used cylinders on board



Design standards – on load release hooks


Non compliant on-load release hooks to be replaced by complaint products (see : MSC.1/Circ 1392)


1.7.14 – first Dry Dock after then; latest 1.7.19

Environmental – noise

SOLAS – see MSC 337 (91)

MSC 91 agreed on-board noise limits its circular MSC 337 (91).  These will apply to new-buildings where the contract has been placed on/after 1 July 2014 or for delivery on/after 1 July 2018.



Navigation – CAM Alarms

SOLAS V – Bridge Equipment

GMDSS amendments including Central Alert Management (CAM) systems to meet standards



Design Standards – Single Side Skin

SOLAS 11-1

Single Side Skin designed and built to Class Rules which are GBS compliant verified by IMO to meet GBS in B/C >150m


1.7.16 (starts)

Design Standards – Design Life

SOLAS 11-1

GBS Compliance Design Life of 25 years North Atlantic rules in B/C >150m



Environment – NoX Code

NoX Code

Tier III standard – for ships in ECA



Casualties – Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

SOLAS – see MSC 338(91)

SCBA must have a capacity of at least 1,200 litres. Ships constructed on/before 1.1.02 need not phase out existing apparatus.



Environment – CFCs


Use of CFCs






24 December 2012
7 Asian Gypsy Moth
Please see below information from the USDA with regard to the Asian Gypsy Moth.
14 August 2012
8 Bulk Carrier Definition

Issue Summary

This issue essentially concerns the definition of an exemption to the all encompassing definition “intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk”. Traditional bulk carriers, with hopper and topside tanks, are not at issue and have a clear definition in the CSR rules and in parts of SOLAS. However, some vessel, such as multipurpose or general cargo ships, occasionally carry dry cargo in bulk and it is argued that they should not have to comply with all of the bulk carrier requirements.

Intercargo Policy

Intercargo’s position is that:

(i) If a ship is primarily designed to carry dry cargoes in bulk, that is, it is designed in the first instance around dry bulk cargoes, then it should be designated a bulk carrier and comply with the pertinent requirements of SOLAS including chapter XII.

(ii) When a ship is primarily designed to carry other cargoes, for example designed around containers and break bulk, and only occasionally carries dry bulk cargo then it is not appropriate to use the bulk carrier designation. However, any additional risks associated with the carriage of dry bulk cargoes in such a ship should be identified and appropriately regulated.

Summary of Recent Developments

MSC 85, meeting in November/December 2008, adopted a resolution (MSC 277 (85)) on the clarification of the term “bulk carrier”; and guidance for application of regulations to new ships which occasionally carry dry cargos in bulk and are not determined bulk carriers under SOLAS (in reg. XII/1.1 and Ch II-1). It should be noted that this resolution does not change SOLAS, but provides guidance on how to apply relevant SOLAS requirements. While a resolution cannot provide mandatory application dates, governments are urged to apply the guidance to new ships built (keel laid) on or after 1 July 2010.

17 July 2012
9 Analysis of Emergency Evacuation from Bulk Carriers
12 July 2012
10 Anchoring, Towing, and Mooring Requirements

Intercargo has agreed to participate in the IACS JWG for the Comprehensive Review of Anchoring, Towing, and Mooring Requirements

A summary of the terms of reference of this group can be seen below.

08 April 2011