Other Issues

Bulk cargoes which are known to cause oxygen depletion (a lack of oxygen) include grain and grain products, oilseeds, copra, all forms of wood, vegetable fibres such as jute, hemp, flax, cotton and many others, fishmeal, guano, sulphidic ores and concentrates, charcoal and coal, dry ice, metal wastes, scrap metal and many more. Four hazards are connected with enclosed space: hazardous atmosphere; physical or configuration hazard; changing and hazardous conditions and; engulfment hazard.

This circular is to report on:
1) Results of Paris MoU CIC on Crew Familiarization for Enclosed Space Entry in 2015
2) Fatalities resulted from entering into cargo holds with cargoes of coal, timber, maize and Zinc concentrate
3) Guidance to members

All enclosed spaces that have not been tested should be considered unsafe. If the atmosphere in an enclosed space is suspected or known to be unsafe, the space should only be entered when no practical alternative exists. SOLAS sets two obligations in respect to enclosed space entry:
• Emergency training and drills according to SOLAS Chapter III Regulation 19. 3.6.2
• Atmosphere testing instrument for enclosed spaces according to SOLAS Chapter XI 1, Regulation 7

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