The shipping industry is faced with both tighter regulatory requirements in relation to ship and cargo generated wastes through the IMO and national and regional legislation, e.g. the US and the EU respectively, and at the same time subjected to increasing scrutiny by coastal state authorities in relation to waste management. Improvements in equipment and management have meant that the shipping industry is now highly efficient in its waste management practices. However the improvements in waste management and increasingly stringent regulatory obligations have not been reflected by coastal states and their port authorities.
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